Flax, hemp, lace
The textile trades are represented in the collections of the Museum of Folk Arts of Laduz (Burgundy). The creation of old clothes is rediscovered through artisans flax, hemp, lace and embroidery …
Textile trades were divided into four groups:
- the first transformed flax or hemp material to be spun and woven;
- the second base material manufactured the fabric or rope;
- the third was dedicated to the development of the work;
- the fourth finally kept these works.
Exercising in a dark, damp place to give greater flexibility over the weaver working on a job that is perfected by Jacquard in 1820 and becomes mechanical. Rural artisans could not fight against this new competition and ceased their activity gradually.
The tailpiece used flax or hemp to make cordage, ropes and cables. He often works near the ports where sailing ships require a lot of rope.
Hemp once harvested, then begins the work of the spinner. The first step, retting separates the textile fiber of the plant and cause a plant decomposition in a stream. After drying, the tow is hit in the stack, big ball carved wood to soften then just combing or heckling. The spinner puts the distaff and then reduced over using the spinning wheel.
The all-female lace craft requires a very long apprenticeship started young. The lace are professional practice or a seasonal crafts.
Some regions or cities have their reputation on the quality of their works: Alencon, Bruges, Chantilly, Malines, Valenciennes, Le Puy or Genoa.
The lace is often embroiderer. Embroiderers, in various forms, are carried to the needle, bobbin or crochet by following a pattern on paper.
The spindles are crossed on a craft called drum, tile or cushion, on which the pattern is indicated by colored needles that are moved to progressively work.
Armed with her washboard and his beater, the washerwoman carries heavy linen packages to the pond, creek or laundry. Equivalent coffee for men, the laundry was the privileged place of women meetings, village news are circulating very quickly.
Often associated with the laundress, the ironer is taking care for ironing and starching of Sunday clothes, especially on spine.
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